Question: Which of the following is not a source of Shari’ah (Islamic law)?
Answer: A fatwa is a decision issued by a judicial scholar.
Question: Which of the following is the largest Muslim country in the world by population?
Answer: Indonesia is the largest Muslim country by population.
Question: Which of the following is the largest minority group in Islam?
Answer: The Shi’a (Shi’ites) constitute the largest minority group in Islam, at about ten percent of the world’s Muslim population.
Question: Mecca is the holiest city in Islam and the focus of the pilgrimage, or hajj, that every Muslim strives to make at least once in life. Which of the following is the third holiest city in Islam?
Answer: Jerusalem is considered a holy city, though Mecca and Medina, respectively, are first and second in eminence.
Question: Which of the following statements is considered to be false according to Islamic tradition?
Answer: Islamic tradition holds that the Prophet Muhammad prophecy was “the seal of prophets” (i.e., that he was the last of a line of prophets).
Question: Muslims mark the month of Ramadan by which particular practice during daylight hours?
Answer: Fasting is incumbent upon all Muslims who are physically capable during daylight hours in the month of Ramadan.
Question: Sunni Muslims consider ‘Ali to have been the fourth “rightly guided” caliph (successor to the Prophet Muhammad).
Answer: The majority branch of Islam considers ‘Ali to have been the fourth caliph after Abu Bakur, ‘Umar I, and ‘Uthman ibn ‘Affan. The Shi’ites, or the “Partisans [of ‘Ali],” consider ‘Ali to have been the Prophet’s rightful immediate successor.
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Islam

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